The US senate has unanimously passed the Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill marks a step towards the continuation of funding for screening programs across the US for the next 5 years. The bill now needs to receive the backing of the US house of Representatives.
Thanks to work over previous years by the federal government and groups such as Save Babies Through Screening Foundation the CDC has suggested that around 12,500 babies have receive life-saving treatments each year for debilitating and often rare conditions.
With more than 98% of newborns receiving a screening for at least 29 conditions in their first few days of life, children with life-threatening and debilitating diseases have received vital treatment early on.
There remains however no uniform standard for screenings across the US. Whilst some states test for over 50 conditions (California test for 80 conditions in newborns) whilst some states test for just 26.
Save the Babies Through screening Foundation have produced an interactive map detailing what conditions each states test for. How well does your state do?
Here are some of the disorder areas often children are tested for:
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Medium Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Tyrosinemia Type I
Other Fatty Acid Oxidation
Urea Cycle Disorders