In general terms, stem cells are cells that can duplicate themselves and differentiate into cell types found in the body. However stem cells are not all equal. Embryonic stem (ES) cells can transform into any cell type found in the body and this gives rise to the term, “pluripotent” cells. Human ES cells are obtained from pre-implantation embryos, created using in vitro fertilization. completely different pluripotent stem cells can be derived from fully differentiated cells. [pullquote type=”right”]”Given the properties of stem cells to differentiate into specific cell types, it comes as no surprise that these cells are the focus of multiple investigational uses in medicine.”[/pullquote] These pluripotent cells are called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC). There are yet other cell types that only differentiate into specific cell types, e.g. mesenchymal adult cells from bone marrow, which differentiate into cartilage and other connective tissues.
Download this whitepaper to find out more about stem cells & regenerative medicine:
- Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
- Stem Cells, Metabolomics, Proteomics and Gene Therapy
- The Structure of Scientific Revolution
- Sources of Stem Cells for Clinical Trials
- Proving Effective Therapy- Robust Clinical Research
- What’s different about Clinical Studies with Stem Cells?
- Making approval- finding regulatory pathways
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